Cities
Re-imagining Agra | Shahena Khan & Shubham Mishra
LA 49
While Yamuna was once the lifeline of the city and a catalyst in the development process, it has now been reduced to a mere shadow of its former self. This deterioration in its state has occurred due to lack of foresight in planning and the disrespect towards this natural resource.

The Yamuna, along with other water resources that constitute our water heritage, need to be protected by integrating methods such as rainwater harvesting and ground water recharging as core values of the planning framework.

A new model, thus needs to be looked into, that allows a metropolis to be sustained while also proposing an alternative system for the renewal and conservation of these natural resources that we so relentlessly feed off of.
Water: Town Planner of Mughal Agra

Water has been the determining factor in the development and sustenance of any civilization across space and time. Clichéd as it may sound, the statement stays relevant even today. If civilizations grew and came of age around water, lack of it caused them to disappear abruptly. The city of Agra, whose fortunes this article chronicles, thrived because of proximity to River Yamuna.

With an empire stretching between Central Asia and Northern India, the Mughals in the early 16th century could have built their capital anywhere they wished. However, the location of Agra swayed the decision in its favour. The Yamuna to the east provided transport and the much needed safety to the nascent kingdom and the flowing waters offered a tremendous opportunity to the Mughals to implement their fluvial engineering expertise.

Yamuna and her fluvial geographies were indeed central in shaping Agra. Its natural topography was more or less plain, though intersected by several nallas and ravines running up from the river. The three rivulets of the region - Burhan Sayid, Kano Khar and Dholi Khar drained into the river from the west. On the east bank was Jharna, a tributary of Yamuna, which joined her southwards. These three rivulets along with Yamuna formed a triangle, which defined the form and extent of the Mughal Agra.



 


ISSUE NO: 49
exhibition
ArvindTalati: A forgotten pioneer of Modern Indian Architecture

tribute
In memory of Anil Laul

SnehaMandhan& Tanya Pahwa

landscape restoration
Healing Touch:

Aravalli Biodiversity Park, Gurgaon

landscape design
Conservation and sustainable use of a cultural landscape feature:
Naubad Karez at Bidar, Karnataka

Ficus


BirkhaBawari:
Contemporarizing traditional water architecture

A. Mridul


Introspection, Interpretation:
Shanti Van, Ahmedabad

Footprints E.A.R.T.H.

landscape research
Reimagining Agra:
Fluvial geographies of historic cities

Shahena Khan & Shubham Mishra


Water conserving design in rurban India:
A nallah-front village in Jamnagar District, Gujarat

James L Wescoat Jr


documentation
Nature in the City: Nehru Park, New Delhi

Landscape Foundation India


traditional wisdom
"Acchhayvicharonkabhiakaal" Famine of good ideas

Chatarsingh Jaam

interview
Towards sustainable equitable development

In conversation with Sunita Narain

view from within
City with rural past, Village with urban future

Geeta Wahi Dua

art
Celebrating the landscape through paintings in natural dyes

Taniya Vaidya

seeing the unseen
Celebration and prayer

Ashok Vajpeyi

book review
Naturally: Tread softly on the planet

Review by Shishir R Raval

Nesting in nature, Sanjay Patil
Review by Aruna Ramani Grover

tree sheet
Acacia nilotica (subsp. Indica), Babool

Green Circus








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